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You've just seen your fourth massage client of the day and you have two more sessions to go—and for a pick-me-up, that cold bottle of Diet Coke in the refrigerator beckons. But before you twist the lid off, consider this: New research indicates that drinking sweetened beverages, especially diet drinks, is associated with an increased risk of depression in adults.
You might want to reach for a cup of Joe instead, because this same research study suggests drinking coffee leads to a slightly lower risk of depression.
"Sweetened beverages, coffee and tea are commonly consumed worldwide and have important physical—and may have important mental—health consequences," said study author Honglei Chen, M.D., Ph.D., with the National Institutes of Health in Research Triangle Park in North Carolina and a member of the American Academy of Neurology.
The study involved 263,925 people between the ages of 50 and 71 at enrollment. From 1995 to 1996, consumption of drinks such as soda, tea, fruit punch and coffee was evaluated, according to an Academy press release. About 10 years later, researchers asked the participants whether they had been diagnosed with depression since
A total of 11,311 depression diagnoses were made.
People who drank more than four cans or cups per day of soda were 30 percent more likely to develop depression than those who drank no soda, the press release noted. Those who drank four cans of fruit punch per day were about 38 percent more likely to develop depression than those who did not drink sweetened drinks.
People who drank four cups of coffee per day were about 10 percent less likely to develop depression than those who drank no coffee, according to the press release. The risk appeared to be greater for people who drank diet than regular soda, diet than regular fruit punches and for diet than regular iced tea.
"Our research suggests that cutting out or down on sweetened diet drinks or replacing them with unsweetened coffee may naturally help lower your depression risk," said Chen. "More research is needed to confirm these findings, and people with depression should continue to take depression medications prescribed by their doctors."
The study was released yesterday and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego, California, in March.