A new study shows there’s a palatable alternative to low-fat diets: the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean diet, which previous studies have shown reduces the risk of cancer, Type-2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease, is also as effective at reducing heart attacks and strokes as the American Heart Association’s low-fat diet. Fatty foods like olive oil, nuts and fatty fish were on the banned list for many years for heart patients and those trying to reduce their risk of heart disease, but these foods have been eaten and enjoyed for centuries throughout the Mediterranean region, where heart disease rates are traditionally very rare.