The American Institute on Cancer Research (AICR) says more than three in five Americans worry about pesticides causing cancer, but barely two in five know that not eating enough fruits and vegetables creates a cancer risk.

In a survey of more than 1,000 people, the AICR found that people worry more about things they cannot change—additives and pesticides—than the things they can control to make a difference in their health. Only about two in five people believe that diets high in fat can raise their cancer risk and not even half are aware of links between obesity and various forms of cancer.

What you eat—combined with regular physical activity—makes a real difference in your health. Everyone can take steps to decrease their health risks, starting with a few everyday behavioral changes:

  • Increase your daily intake of fruits and vegetables.
  • Limit the amount of fat that you eat.
  • Strive for at least 30 minutes of physical activity, most days of the week.
  • Choose whole-grain bread, cereal and pasta.